World voice day – 2013
Have you ever noticed how a baby can cry for several hours and shows no signs of strain?(Not that I am suggesting that you should let a baby cry for such a long period of time.) But have you noticed that if an adult goes to a football match after, maybe, half an hour of shouting the voice is getting croaky and if the person is not careful he might not have a voice at all on the train or bus going home.What is the difference?
The difference is that the baby naturally uses correct breathing whereas the adult has learned bad habits.
Those weird French words!
TheEnglish languagehas two groups of French words.
There are those words that came into the language hundreds of years ago and became such a part of the language that everybody thinks that they have always been English words.
But there is another group that came into the English fairly recently that still ‘look’French and sometimes are pronounced in the French way.
There are hundreds of these words. If you are learning English it is hard enough to learn how to pronounce ‘native’ English words – then you are asked to learn how to pronounce French words as well!
Those annoying words – ‘wind’ and ‘wind’
Learners of English sometimes have trouble with the word ‘wind’ that is pronounced in two different ways and has two very different meanings.
Let’s see if we can remove the trouble!
The first one is the easier. The word‘wind’ pronounced with a short sound like ‘twin’, ‘fin’, ‘tin’, ‘in’, ‘win’means the force that blows the leaves and branches of trees.
· Thewindblows the clouds across the sky.
MAKING FEMININE WORDS
English has several ways of making the feminine form of nouns.One way is to add ‘-ess’ to the masculine form of the noun. Notice that sometimes the‘-er’ of the masculine is dropped.
[However,these forms are becoming less common because many people believe that it is wrong to differentiate between masculine and feminine professions or jobs.]
These are the most common ‘-ess’ forms. The masculine form is first.
Those strange words starting with ‘w’but you don’t say it!
English has a group of words that start with the letter ‘w’ but we do not pronounce it.This is very confusing for learners of English. Many hundreds of years ago the‘w’ was pronounced. Then the ‘w’ stopped being pronounced but people were so used to writing the words with a ‘w’ that the spelling stayed the same.Strange, huh?
Here are the most common.
wrath– extreme anger
wreath– a large bunch of flowers, often to mark an important ceremony
Difference between verbs and verbal adjectives
We can use the past tense of the verb and the present participle as adjectives.
Example:VERB: annoy, annoyed, annoying ADJECTIVE:annoyed, annoying
Sometimes this is very confusing for people who are learning English.
Let’s see if we can remove the confusion.
The first confusion is that some people use the wrong adjective and make themselves look silly or make other people look silly!
The adjective ending with
Increase your vocabulary
This is more suited to advanced students.
These words all START with – ANT. How many can you work out?
i. An ant that fights against you.
ii. You will find this ant down south.
iii. This ant means you can watch television.
Increase your vocabulary
These words all END with – ANT. How many can you work out?
i. This ant is the opposite of scarce.
ii. This ant is the opposite of humble.
iii. This ant is the opposite of unstable.
English has some strange words!Do you agree? There is a group of words that start with ‘kn’ but the ‘k’ is not pronounced. In Old English the ‘k’ was pronounced so that the word ‘knife’ was pronounced ‘kneefa’. However, over several hundred years English-speaking people felt that the sound ‘kn’ was too hard to say so they stopped saying the ‘k’ sound at the beginning. For some reason they never changed the spelling so even though we no longer pronounce the ‘k’ yet we still spell the word with the ‘k’.
Countries, people and adjectives #2
People who are learning English often have trouble with the words for countries, the people and the languages.
In the last lesson we looked at the English words for countries, languages and adjectives. In this lesson we will look at what you call a person from a country. There are many ways to do this.
NAMES OF PEOPLE
A. Sometimes the name of a person is thesame as the adjective.
· My Uncle was a German.